Haiti appointed a new prime minister, less than two weeks later President Jovenel Moise was assassinated This has plunged this deeply divided Caribbean country into greater political uncertainty.
Ariel Henry was sworn in at a ceremony in the capital Port-au-Prince on Tuesday, and an official commemoration was held on the same day to commemorate Moise.
The country’s acting prime minister, Claude Joseph, said earlier this week that He will step down “for the benefit of the country” After a group of important international diplomats came out on Saturday Support Henry And urged him to form a new government.
Henry, a 71-year-old neurosurgeon and former cabinet minister, said at the ceremony that he plans to meet with all sectors of society in the next few days to reach a political consensus to solve the problems facing Haiti.
“It is in the context of extreme polarization…We must find and implement durable solutions to the multifaceted crises we face,” he said.
Moiz is Killed on July 7 When a group of gunmen burst into his private residence in Port-au-Prince and opened fire on him and his wife Martine Moise, the latter was seriously injured.
The assassination propelled Haiti, it experienced Increasing gang violence And years of political instability, Further confusion. After Moise’s death, three political leaders have been vying for leadership in Haiti, including Henry, who was elected prime minister by Moise a few days before the president was killed.
Robert Farton, a Haitian political expert at the University of Virginia, said Joseph’s departure was expected. “Joseph’s fate was finalized over the weekend,” Fadun told the Associated Press. “Everything that happens in Haiti has a strong foreign element.”
Saturday, the core team call Supported the establishment of “a mutually agreed and inclusive government” in Haiti and expressed “strongly encourage” Henry to “form such a government” as the designated prime minister.
The core team is composed of ambassadors from Germany, Brazil, Canada, Spain, the United States, France, the European Union, and representatives from the United Nations and the Organization of American States.
Al Jazeera reporter Andy Gallagher from Miami said that Henry’s swearing-in marks “an important step in the stability of Haiti.”
“I think it is important to note that this will be a provisional government. The point here is that Haiti will have democratic elections before the end of the year,” he said.
Gallaher added: “Elections must be seen as free and fair, and someone must win by a substantial majority, because stability is everything.”
However, a major opposition coalition known as the Ministry of Democracy and the People called Henry a puppet of the international community and rejected his appointment. “This step is just a political provocation, which will add fuel to the fire and plunge the country further into crisis,” it said.
Leading Haitian civil society activists have also recently Questioning push The United States, the United Nations and other international organizations demanded that Haiti hold general elections this year, saying that in a country where many key institutions cannot function, voting cannot resolve the crisis.
Moise has been in power since last year, and he encouraged The February constitutional crisis and mass protests When he insisted that his presidency was one year left-this position was rejected by opposition groups, rights groups and leading jurists.
On Tuesday, the government announced the name of Henry’s 18 cabinet members, and the Attorney General, the Minister of Economy, the Minister of Finance, the Minister of Agriculture and other ministers retained their positions. Joseph will return to his original post of Minister of Foreign Affairs.
In addition to managing the government, Henry will also serve as minister of social affairs and labor.
He had earlier promised to form an interim consensus government to lead Haiti until elections. “We need this kind of unity to overcome many of the challenges that plague us,” Henry said. “Some people were surprised to observe recent events, while others were justified in doubts about the management of the country.”
Henry also said that he met with various unidentified actors as well as civil society and the private sector. “I intend to continue and deepen these discussions, because this is the only way to bring the Haitian family together,” he said.
At the same time, many questions about Moise’s assassination remain unanswered, including the motives and the ultimate man behind the scenes.
The Haitian Police Chief Leon Charles announced on Tuesday the official arrests of four other people, including at least three police officers, but he did not release them from their duties. “Police have infiltrated,” Charles said, but did not provide more details.
The Haitian authorities accused a group of mercenaries of killing.To date, 26 suspects-18 Colombians, 5 Haitians and Three Haitian Americans ——I was arrested.
Moise’s funeral will be held in the northern city of Cap Haiti on Friday.