Tehran, Iran – The signatories of the nuclear agreement signed by Iran in 2015 with world powers have seen their hopes of resuming the landmark agreement before the anniversary of its signing on Wednesday dashed because multiple factors complicate the process.
The seventh round—and possibly the last round—a clear date for the resumption of negotiations in Vienna has not yet been set Joint Comprehensive Action Plan (JCPOA), an agreement signed on July 14, 2015 by Iran, China, Russia, France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States.
At the same time, all parties emphasized the need to reformulate all the terms of the agreement to verify the peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program and ensure that it benefits from the economic benefits promised in the agreement.
The United States abandoned the agreement in 2018 and unilaterally imposed severe sanctions on Iran — which led to Iran’s refusal to negotiate directly with it in Vienna — and has stated that it is ready for another round of negotiations with the assistance of the EU, as long as Iran agrees to problems A date.
The latest quarterly report submitted by the Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the parliament on Monday seemed to confirm that political factors in Tehran caused disagreements between the sixth and seventh rounds of talks.
Foreign Minister Mohamed Javad Zarif wrote in his first public full-text report of more than 200 pages that so far, great progress has been made in the Vienna talks, but he hopes that this process can take place in the next government.
Tough referee Ebrahim Raisi who won the presidency After a controversial vote on June 18, he will succeed Hassan Rouhani, the two-term moderate president. Rouhani supported the agreement despite severe criticism from political opponents.
Raisi will take office in early August, after which it seems more likely to reach an agreement to resume the transaction.
At the same time, Zarif himself and diplomats from other countries signatories to the Iranian nuclear agreement have previously expressed their hope that an agreement can be reached before Lai Si becomes president.
“To reach an agreement requires courage and preparation to sacrifice reputation and put national interests above personal interests,” Zarif wrote in the last letter to his hardline critics on Monday, who are now The government, parliament and judiciary seized power.
Lifting U.S. sanctions
Other factors complicating the talks are the layers of sanctions imposed by the United States and the various measures Iran has taken in response to sanctions or attacks that destroy its territory to advance its nuclear program.
The endless wave of sanctions imposed, re-implemented or re-labeled by the Donald Trump administration involved approximately 1,600 allegations, including sanctions related to “terrorism” and human rights violations.
Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei insisted that all must be cancelled, after which Iran will “verify” its effective cancellation and then reduce its nuclear steps. It is not clear how long the verification process will take.
Iran also insisted that the United States promised not to violate the agreement in the future because, except for some Arab countries, many Republicans in Washington and Israeli lobbying groups still strongly oppose the agreement. The United States seems unlikely to make an official commitment.
But the Iranian Foreign Minister sent an optimistic signal on lifting the sanctions.
In his report to Parliament, Zarif stated that if an agreement is reached in Vienna, in addition to imposing departmental sanctions on the banking, petrochemical and shipping industries, the Supreme Leader’s Office will also be designated and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps designated as “foreign Terrorist organization”. (IRGC) will be cancelled.
In addition to Trump’s new sanctions on metals, minerals and textiles, Zarif also wrote that a number of executive orders issued by the former president and the Iran Sanctions Act (ISA) and other congressional laws will be revoked.
The United States has not yet confirmed the Iranian Foreign Minister’s statement.
Restrict Iran’s nuclear program
Since May 2019, one year after Trump withdrew from the JCPOA, Iran has taken a number of measures to promote its nuclear activities.
It is now enriching uranium to more than 60%, which is the highest level in history to deal with Sabotage attack on its main nuclear facility At Natanz earlier this year.
The attack was blamed on Israel and was the second such destruction of Natanz in a year.It also follows November Assassination of nuclear scientist Moson Fahrizad Near Tehran, Iran also accused Israel of careful planning.
The nuclear agreement limits Iran’s nuclear enrichment to 3.67% and also limits its low-enriched uranium stocks.
After the assassination, Iran’s hard-line parliament passed a law instructing Rouhani’s government to restrict inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
The government continues to use institutional cameras to record its nuclear facilities, but said that if the sanctions are not lifted, it will destroy the video tapes.
Iran is also using more advanced centrifuges and has acquired important technical knowledge in the past year.
Last week, the United States and European powers condemned Iran’s decision to produce metallic uranium enriched to 20% purity.
In an interview on Monday, Mikhail Ulyanov, Russia’s chief negotiator in Vienna, said that there are now “reasons for concern” rather than “regrets” about Iran’s withdrawal from the terms of the nuclear agreement.
Iran has repeatedly stated that its nuclear program is completely peaceful and that the production of metallic uranium will help improve the quality and quantity of its radiopharmaceuticals and industrial radioactive isotopes.
Iranian government spokesperson Ali Rabyi said on Tuesday: “Instead of complaining that Iran’s measures are due to other people’s failure to comply with their promises, they should quickly return to their promises.