Experts warn that heat waves occur more frequently, more intensely, and last longer than before.
North America experienced the hottest June on record Deadly heat wave According to the European Union’s climate monitoring agency, parts of the region are hot spots.
The European Union said on Wednesday that its findings illustrate the impact of global warming.
Record high temperatures ranged from the southwestern United States to the northwestern United States, and then to Canada. Record daily temperature It was broken for three consecutive days in British Columbia.
According to data from the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), the region in June was 1.2 degrees Celsius (2.2 degrees Fahrenheit) above the 1991-2020 average.
“These heat waves do not occur in a vacuum. They occur in a warming global climate, which makes them more likely to occur,” said C3S climate scientist Julian Nicholas.
Globally, June 2021 became the fourth hottest June in the same month of 2018.
C3S generates monthly reports on temperature, sea ice and water cycle. It relies on data and model calculations from global satellites, ships, airplanes, and weather stations.
🌡️On a global scale-the 4th hottest June on record
🌡️Europe-hottest on June 2
🌡️In the heat wave conditions of western North America, many temperature records were broken
— Copernicus ECMWF (@CopernicusECMWF) July 7, 2021
At the same time, in Europe, June is the second hottest month on record in continental Europe. In Helsinki, the capital of Finland, records date back to 1844, and the average temperature in June has never been as high as this year.
People in the Russian capital Moscow are also struggling for the warmest June day the city has ever recorded. The temperature in Siberia is also above average, but not as high as the previous three years.
The trend continues
Nicholas told Agence France-Presse that heat waves have occurred more frequently, more intensely, and lasted longer than in the past. This is already a well-known thing.
“The heat waves we saw in North America, western Russia and northern Siberia last month are just the latest examples of this trend, which is expected to continue into the future and is related to our global warming,” he said.
According to a C3S report, the soil in the affected area is also unusually dry. The report stated that wildfires and high temperatures are “threatening to life”.
Dozens The fire has spread In recent days, parts of Canada have been driven by deadly heat waves and dry weather conditions.
Carlo Buontempo, director of C3S, said: “Compared with previous records, what happened in Canada has taken a big leap.”
“These hot records are a powerful reminder that climate change may have an impact on our lives,” he told AFP.
The 2015 Paris Agreement requires that, as far as possible, the global temperature rise is limited to “far below” 2C (3.6F) and 1.5C (2.7F).
So far, human activities have pushed up global temperatures by approximately 1.1 degrees Celsius (2 degrees Fahrenheit), triggering increasingly fierce storms, extreme heat waves, droughts and wildfires.
In May of this year, the World Meteorological Organization and the British Met Office stated that there is a 40% chance that the global average annual temperature will temporarily exceed the pre-industrial temperature by 1.5 degrees Celsius in the next five years.
The past six years, including 2020, are the hottest six years on record.