The House of Representatives voted to repeal the 2002 Iraq War authorization because President Biden supported a review of the US posture.
The House of Representatives voted to repeal the bill that the United States declared war on Iraq in 2002, a law used by former President Donald Trump to defend the killing of Iranians. General Qassim Soleimani.
The action on Thursday was passed by the two parties by a vote of 268 to 161. It must now be approved by the Senate and will accelerate Congress’s reassessment of the US military posture in the Middle East. President Joe Biden’s support.
This Authorized use of military power (AUMF) was awarded to former President George W. Bush in 2002 to enable the United States to invade and occupy Iraq.
Nearly 20 years later, the law is still in effect and has been used by successive presidents to defend various U.S. military strikes in the region, including Trump’s order to kill Soleimani outside Baghdad Airport in January 2020 . Many members of Congress consider Trump’s order to be unreasonable and reckless.
“The Iraq War has ended for nearly a decade. The authorization passed in 2002 is no longer needed in 2021,” Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer said in a Senate statement on Wednesday.
Schumer said that the Senate Foreign Relations Committee will review a bill next week that will also abolish Congress’ authorization for the first Gulf War in 1991, laying the foundation for a future Senate vote to abolish the 2002 AUMF.
The Biden administration stated this week that the United States “has no ongoing military activities, and only uses the 2002 AUMF as a domestic legal basis”, and its repeal “may have minimal impact on current military operations.”
The White House said in a statement: “The President is committed to working with Congress to ensure that the outdated use of force authorization is replaced with an appropriate narrow and specific framework to ensure that we can continue to protect Americans from terrorist threats.”
However, if there is no alternative authorization to address the modern situation in Iraq, the repeal of the U.S. law will face the suspicion of Senate Republicans and Democratic lawmakers.
Ministry of Defense lawyers in Predecessors of the Trump Administration He strongly opposed the abolition of the 2002 Iraq AUMF alone, because it would abolish the power of the United States to take military actions against militia organizations.
Despite this, the Democrats in Congress widely support the abolition of the 2002 authorization to wage war against Iraq and the authorizations related to Al Qaeda and Afghanistan passed by Congress earlier in 2001.
“Abolishing it now will not change our current actions against Al Qaeda or Islamic State (ISIS), but it will ensure that future presidents will not abuse them for new military actions that Congress never intended to take,” the House Majority Leader Stani Hoyer said in a statement. A statement was issued after voting on Thursday.
“Many times, the president chooses to reinterpret the outdated AUMF instead of cooperating with Congress as required by the Constitution,” Hoyer said.
Biden has launched a plan to withdraw 3,500 U.S. and allied foreign troops from Afghanistan on September 11, 2021, the 20th anniversary of the Al Qaeda attack. According to data from the Department of Defense, there are still about 3,000 American soldiers in Iraq, but no specific timetable for withdrawal has been determined.