The head of UNHCR stated that for fear of another violent incident, a contingency plan was prepared for more displaced civilians.
The head of the UN refugee agency told Reuters that the UN is preparing for the expected displacement of more civilians after the troops of the United States and other countries leave Afghanistan in September.
As foreign troops begin to retreat and efforts to bring about a peaceful settlement between the Afghan government and the Taliban slow, violence has been on the rise.
Filippo Grandi, head of the UN refugee agency, pointed out Fatal attack An international demining organization in northern Afghanistan killed 10 people last week.
Grandi said on Monday: “This is a tragic indicator of the type of violence that may reappear in Afghanistan, and with the withdrawal of international forces, the situation may or may get worse.”
He said: “Therefore, we are developing contingency plans for further displacement of neighboring countries in case people may cross the border,” he said, but did not provide details of these plans.
According to the UN refugee agency, there are currently approximately 2.5 million registered Afghan refugees worldwide, and another 4.8 million are internally displaced.
Twenty years after the invasion of Afghanistan, the United States has begun to withdraw its remaining 2,500 soldiers and plans to withdraw completely from Afghanistan by September 11. Approximately 7,000 non-US troops from major NATO countries as well as Australia, New Zealand and Georgia are also being withdrawn from Afghanistan. Plan to leave before that date.
After the attack on the United States on September 11, 2001, the U.S.-led forces overthrew the Taliban at the end of 2001 because they refused to hand over Al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden.
Grandi said that the peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban require strong support from the international community.
“Conflict should be replaced by political action, but of course there is a risk of (further displacement) and we need to be prepared,” he said.
“What is needed is to provide a high level of economic support for humanitarian aid in Afghanistan to maximize the chances of the Afghan authorities for stabilizing the situation,” Mark Lowcock, the head of UN aid, told Reuters on Monday.
Lowcock, who stepped down this month, added: “The Biden administration and the White House have conducted very good and constructive outreach activities, and we actually had fruitful discussions with them on this.
Earlier this month, the United States announced that it would provide more than $266 million in humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan, bringing the total amount of such assistance it has provided since 2002 to nearly $3.9 billion.
According to the United Nations, about 18.4 million people need humanitarian assistance, almost half of the country’s population, and the organization has called for $1.3 billion in funding for 2021. So far, it has only received 23% of it.
Lowcock said that Afghanistan did not receive widespread attention from the international community until a few years ago. This has “dissipated and weakened, and it is a problem when drawing attention to the needs of Afghanistan and gaining support for them.”