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You may already have some type of vaccine passport

On Monday, the TV personality Dr. Drew Expressed his disagreement on Twitter to Coronavirus disease Vaccine passport, said: “These vaccine passports isolate people and deprive them of freedom to travel internationally. Vaccination is very important, and I encourage everyone to get Covid vaccine, but if international travel also requires other vaccinations, what would you think? ?”

Tuesday, He walked back -But for thousands of people on Twitter, this seems like a good question.

It is not.

Although the vaccine passport has become the latest outbreak of COVID-19 PandemicMost people already have some form of documentation proving that they have been vaccinated against certain diseases. Many public health experts say that such evidence will be the key to returning life to normal while preventing future COVID-19 outbreaks.

Lawrence Gostin, a professor of global health law at Georgetown University, told BuzzFeed News: “People have been suffering for more than a year and they want to get back to life.” “They want to go to restaurants, watch movies, see their relatives, and then return to work. Vaccines Passports provide a faster and safer way to return to normal life.”

As the distribution of vaccines becomes more widespread, the prospect of a COVID-19 vaccine passport is becoming a reality for many people.European Union May launch them in June. Israel, which one Leading power So far in vaccine management, one has been introduced. China also has. Britain is debating Its own version. New York State has introduced a voluntary “Excelsior Pass“, showing a vaccination certificate or a negative test for participation in sports events, music venues, and companies. At least Eight major airlines Is working on a version of the coronavirus passport, as it is Walmart.

more than 64 million people, Or nearly one in five Americans, has so far been fully vaccinated against COVID-19.

But the federal government – including Anthony FauciDirector of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases-has clearly stated so far It will not lead to effort Make a national vaccine passport.Instead, it is Work to the corral The private sector is developing more than ten versions.

Many Republican leaders are hesitant to such measures, implying that they will constitute over-expansion of the government. On Friday, Florida Governor Ron DeSantis Sign executive orders It is forbidden to use COVID-19 vaccination passports in this state. On Sunday, Mississippi Governor Tate Reeves (Tate Reeves) tell us He also opposed them. On Tuesday, Texas Governor Greg Abbott Join in.

“Passports are a good idea,” Howard Markle, a pediatrician and medical historian, told BuzzFeed News. “How it became politicized is very disturbing, and it is difficult for public health personnel to understand.”

This politicization has a real impact.A recent poll found Only 50% of U.S. residents Will support the verification of voluntary documents for vaccination.

The American debate is in many ways about blockade with Contact tracing. Should the American people accept restrictions on their personal freedom in the name of public health?Will these Temporary measures will remain for a long time after they are needed? Will people’s privacy be protected? But the idea of ​​a vaccine passport is nothing new: the United States already has a patchwork of private and public entities that requires people to prove that they have been vaccinated.

“We have kept vaccination records in medical records. Schools keep children’s records. Many hospitals keep them for employees. These should be familiar,” Godin said.

In order to travel abroad, many people must prove that they have been vaccinated. To enter the United States, immigrants must provide disease vaccination records- 14 in total -Including hepatitis A and B, two types of flu, polio and chickenpox.Records are kept in a Brochure issued by the World Health Organization. U.S. Armed ForcesSending its members to all parts of the world, depending on where the personnel are deployed, requires about a dozen vaccinations.

You also need to provide proof of vaccination to enroll your child in school In all 50 statesIn Florida, where DeSantis is governor, children from kindergarten to 12th grade must be vaccinated Six diseases. California with Texas Each requires seven. Since the school’s vaccination requirements are handled at the state level- No federal authorizationMany states allow Personal beliefs or religious exemptions that the parents opted out of.California is one of the states that has cancelled such exemptions Dangerous measles outbreak The event that started in Disneyland in 2015 hit the state.

As long as there is a vaccine, public health officials require people to prove that they have been vaccinated. As the historian Jordan E. Taylor wrote in Time magazineBeginning in the 19th century, American authorities forced people to prove that they had been vaccinated against smallpox. Immigration officials requested proof of vaccination on Ellis Island in New York and Angel Island in San Francisco. Companies use it as a condition of employment. During a local outbreak, the police will ask people to prove that they have been vaccinated.

Vaccine passports are indeed worrying.Some people worry about their Digital rights or Invasion of privacy. But Gostin, who Co-authored a paper in the Journal of the American Medical Association Regarding possible ethical issues, it is said that the vaccine passport will contain very little information. “Vaccine passports can protect your privacy in many ways. They don’t ask you to disclose any information, except whether you have been vaccinated,” he wrote.

Others question the fairness of the requirement for vaccination certificates in the United States, because so far Black and Latino communities The vaccine has been vaccinated at a disproportionately low rate. Experts take this seriously, but say that as vaccines become popular, these concerns will diminish.

“Fairness cannot be used after the fact,” Gostin said. “In a situation where vaccines are scarce, we cannot get passports. Within a month or two, the vaccine will chase people, not the other way around. Everyone has a chance to get it.

Public health experts emphasize that it is understandable for people to feel uncertain about vaccine passports and encourage them to talk to healthcare providers when in doubt.

“My suggestion is to consult your doctor or the website of the World Health Organization or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,” Markle said. “Talk to your doctor. We don’t want to bully people.”



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